Sinusitis

Sinusitis

Sinuses are air pockets within the bones of your face. The growth of bacteria within a sinus leads to infection. The infection prevents the sinuses from draining. This infection is called sinusitis.

SYMPTOMS

There will be different areas of pain depending on which sinuses have become infected.

      The maxillary sinuses often produce pain beneath the eyes.

      Frontal sinusitis may cause pain in the middle of the forehead and above the eyes.

Other problems (symptoms)include:

      Toothaches.

      Colored, pus-like (purulent) drainage from the nose.

      Swelling, warmth, and tenderness over the sinus areas may be signs of infection.

TREATMENT

Sinusitis is most often determined by an exam.X-rays may be taken. If x-rays have been taken,makesure you obtain your results or find out how you are to obtain them. Your caregiver may give you medications (antibiotics). These are medications that will help kill the bacteria causing theinfection.You may also be given a medication (decongestant) that helps to reduce sinus swelling.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

      Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver.

      Drink extra fluids. Fluids help thin the mucus so your sinuses can drain more easily.

      Applying either moist heat or ice packs to the sinus areas may help relieve discomfort.

      Use saline nasal sprays to help moisten your sinuses. The sprays can be found at your local drug store.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:

      You have an oral temperature above 102° F (38.9° C), not controlled by medicine.

      You have a high fever that is still present after two days of antibiotic treatment.

      You have increasing pain, severe headaches, or toothache.

      You have nausea, vomiting, or drowsiness.

      You develop unusual swelling around the face or trouble seeing.

 


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