Chronic Bronchitis andEmphysema Exacerbation

You have chronic obstructive lung disease which has gotten worse. This can be an increase inyour cough, wheezing, or shortness of breath. These problems are often worse during periods of air pollution or if you are exposed to smoke.


      You should avoid all substances which irritate the airway, especially tobacco smoke.

      If you are a smoker, consider using nicotine gum or patches to quit. Quitting smoking is very important to prevent worsening of this disease.

      Increasing oral fluids and using a cool air vaporizer can help thin bronchial secretions. This makes it easier to clear your chest when you cough.

      If you have a home nebulizer and oxygen, continue to use them as directed.


The following medications may be prescribed to help you depending on what your caregiver finds today.


      Bronchodilators (inhaled ortablets).

      Cortisone medicines (inhaled ortablets).

      It is important to use good technique with inhaled medications, and spacer devices may be needed to help improve drug delivery. Chronic lung disease is frequently severe and hospital care may be needed.  Be sure to follow-up as recommended with your primary caregiver.

      Take all medications as directed.


      You develop extreme shortness of breath.

      You have severe chest pain or blood in your sputum.

      You develop a high fever, weakness, repeated vomiting, or fainting.

      You develop confusion.